Our guest this week is Swiss historian Dr. Daniele Ganser, author of the seminal book NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism. Buy NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe (Contemporary Security Studies) 1 by Ganser Daniele (ISBN: ). For the first time in this book, Daniele Ganser has brought together the full story of the networks the Italians came to call ‘Gladio’. This is a significant and.
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In the United States, journalist Lucy Komisar tried to gain more information but found that her government was hardly different from the Turkish Generals when it came to military secrets. A parliamentary investigation of the Italian Gladuo into Gladio and a series of mysterious massacres concluded after the end of the Cold War that in Italy the ‘CIA had enjoyed in times of peace maximum discretion’ because Italy during the First Republic had lived ‘in a difficult and at times tragic situation of frontier’.
From then on the official position of NATO was that they would not comment on official secrets. Terrorism, the massacres and the political- historical contest. Forced by the investigations of Judge Casson, Prime Minister Andreotti 16 years later exposed the Gladio secret in front of the Italian parliament. The purported and much-discussed dysfunction of democracy in places like Italy, Greece, and other countries was really a result of manipulation and terror at the hands of these CIA-controlled terrorist glaio.
Senator Church at the time presided over one of three critical investigations of the US parliament into the US secret services which in the second half of the s presented their final reports that until today remain among the most authoritative documents on US secret warfare.
Operation Gladio – Wikipedia
It was inside Palazzo Braschi where Casson discovered the documents, which proved for the first time that a secret army code-named Gladio existed in Italy as a sub-branch of the military secret service with ganesr task to carry out unorthodox warfare. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet.
An anonymous call to the police two days later implicated the Red Brigades, a Communist terrorist group attempting to change the balance of power in Italy at the time through hostage- takings and cold-blooded assassinations of exponents of the state. Together they had engineered the Peteano terror and then wrongly blamed the militant extreme Italian left, the Red Brigades.
If there were any links to terrorist organisations, that sort of information would be buried very deep indeed. Because of the secrecy of government records in the United States, for example, it is still not possible to sketch in detail the CIA’s orders to its networks, which could show whether there was a deliberate effort to interfere with political processes in the countries where Gladio networks were active.
This changed when in July British Prime Minister Winston Churchill ordered the creation of a secret army under the label SOE to ‘set Europe ablaze by assisting resistance movements and carrying out subversive operations in enemy held territory’. Wer steuert die CIA? In some countries the secret army linked up with right-wing terrorist who in a secret war engaged in political manipulation, harrassement of left wing parties, massacres, coup d’etats and torture.
Casso found that the Italian mililary secret service and the government at the time had gone to great lengths in order to keep the Trieste discovery and above all its larger strategic context a secret. A network of resistance fighters was formed across Britain and arms caches were established. Which raises the question in this report of pages is that the third tower that collapsed that day is not even mentioned.
No definition could be given to it other than high treason and an attack on the Constitution.
Senator Gualtieri compared it with the photocopies made of the first version and immediately noted that sensitive parts especially on the international connection and glsdio secret organisations in other countries had been cut out.
In marked contrast to other right-wing terrorists that had collaborated with the Italian military secret service ganesr walked free, Vinciguerra gansre his revelations was hladio for life and imprisoned. Norstad in his memorandum wrote: Very warm thanks also go to Professor Yanser Chomsky in Boston who not only encouraged my research, but also provided me with valuable contacts during our meetings in the United States and in Switzerland.
The article revealed that the new secret service was designed to fight a secret war and ‘shall perform If Gladio was effectively “the best-kept, and most damaging, political-military secret since World War II”,  it must be underlined, however, that on several occasions, arms caches were discovered and stay-behind paramilitary organizations officially dissolved.
A man with the name he put on file was arrested by the KGB following treason in the BND, but was obviously innocent, his name having been chosen at random from the public phone book by Juretzko. Archived from the original on Freda, a declared admirer of Hitler who had published ‘Mein Kampf in Italian in his own small publishing house, replied that according to his understanding nobody can ganesr manipulation: The CIA also tried to set up a secret army in China in order to stop the advance of Communism but failed as in Mao and the Chinese Communist Party took over control.
This time the American Gestapo’ was not exposed by the press. In the anti-Nazi Resistance forces had had to be improvised. Andreotti spoke of a “structure of information, response and safeguard”, with gladiio caches and reserve officers. Swiss judge Cornu was given the task to investigate the matter and in his report ‘describes the group’s [P26] collaboration with British secret services as “intense”, with Britain providing valuable know-how.
Aber beginnen wir am Anfang.
After all, the greatest danger that can befall us in coping 54 with this problem of Soviet Communism, is that we shall allow ourselves to become like those with whom we are coping’. Joseph Luns, year-old retired diplomat, who from to had served as NATO Secretary-General, in a telephone interview from his Brussels apartment, told reporters that he had been unaware about the secret network until he read about it in the papers recently: Only Francesco Cossiga, Italian President sinceproudly confirmed his part in the conspiracy.
Until OPCs paramilitary activities also referred to as preventive action were limited to plans and preparations for stay-behind nets in the event of future war. The British were not amused. Likewise Truman was convinced that also in the nominally sovereign democracies of Western Europe the Communist parties had to be secretly fought and weakened.
There were only three copies, one of which Hillenkoetter had ‘closely guarded in the Director’s office, where members of his own staff who did not “need to know” could gain no access to it’. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Global Secret and Intelligence Service – I.
Daniele Ganser – Wikipedia
Mrs Isabelle Jacobs at the Office of Security informed the author that it was gansrr that he would get any answers concerning sensitive Gladio questions and advised the author to hand in Gladio questions in writing via the embassy of his home country.
It has operated clandestinely, and we are entitled to attribute to it all the destabilization, all the provocation and all the terrorism that have occurred in our countries over these four decades, and to say that, actively or passively, it must have had an involve- ment. It also rejected a Communist Greek journalist’s allegations made in December T will present to the Commission a very precise report which Gadio have asked the Defence Department to prepare.
At the stay-behind meetings representatives of the CIA were always present. The evidence now suggests that it lasted well into the s’, adding ‘it has been proved that the S AS constructed the secret hides where arms were stockpiled in the British sector of West Germany’. But I have not organised it myself to make a coup d’etat.
After some research I realised that despite its great importance for the most recent political, social and military history of Western Europe and the United States, only very limited work had been carried out on the phenomenon of the secret NATO armies, with no single study on the topic available in English.
It would appear to me that any increase in the flow of intelligence to SHAPE, from whatever source, should be dealt with by normal intelligence agencies.
But despite its military and economic strength the White House feared what it perceived to be an irresistible advance of world Communism.
For the first time in this book, Daniele Ganser has brought together the full story of the networks the Italians came to call ‘Gladio’. During the subsequent years we have in a very strange way become accustomed to living in a world that suffers from both war and terrorism, and my warm thanks therefore xv also go to Professor Andreas Wenger, Director of the Center for Security Studies in Zurich, for his support for future research into Gladio and terrorism here at the institute.