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The extract of Achillea fragrantissima (Af), which is a desert plant that has been used for many years in traditional medicine for the treatment of. Authority, (Forssk.) Sch. Bip. Family, Magnoliopsida:Asteridae:Asterales: Compositae. Synonyms, Santolina fragrantissima Forssk. Common names, lavender. The composition of hydro-distilled oils of Achillea fragrantissima inflorescence ( fresh and dry) at the pre- and flowering stages was evaluated by.

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These plants typically have frilly, hairy, aromatic leaves. The genus was named after the Greek mythological character Achilles.

Achillea fragrantissima ยท

This page was last edited on 30 Mayat According to legend, Achilles’ soldiers used yarrow to treat their wounds, [6] hence some of its common names such as allheal and bloodwort. In the present study, extracts from 66 different desert plants were tested for their effect on lipopolysaccharide LPS – induced production of NO by primary microglial cells.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Achillea species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Achillea.


The plants show large, flat clusters of small flowers at the top of the stem. A number of species – notably A. Achillea Asteraceae genera Taxa named by Carl Linnaeus.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. For other uses, see Achillea disambiguation. Silvery Yarrow Achillea clavenae.

Achillea fragrantissima

Sources differ widely as to which of these should wchillea recognized as species which ones merit subspecies or variety status, and which ones should be relegated to the dustbin acuillea synonymy. Cell viability was assessed using Lactate dehydrogenase LDH activity in the media conditioned by the cells or by the crystal violet cell staining.

The neuroinflammatory process plays a central role in the initiation and progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, and involves the activation of brain microglial cells.

International Association for Plant Taxonomy. During the neuroinflammatory process, microglial cells release proinflammatory mediators such as cytokines, matrix metalloproteinases MMPReactive oxygen species ROS and nitric oxide NO.

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The flowers can be white, yellow, orange, pink or red and are generally visited by many insects, and are thus characterised by a generalised pollination system. Fernleaf Yarrow Achillea filipendula.


Sweet Yarrow Achillea ageratum. The genus is native primarily to Europetemperate areas of Asiaand North America.

Nearly 1, names have been published within the genus Achilleaat or below the level of species. Views Read Edit View history. The extract of Achillea fragrantissima Afwhich is fragranhissima desert plant that has been used for many years in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases, was the most efficient extract, and was further studied for additional anti-neuroinflammatory effects in these cells.

Retrieved from ” https: NO levels secreted by the activate cells were measured using Griess reagent, ROS levels were measured by 2’7′-dichlorofluorescein diacetate DCF-DAMMP-9 activity was measured using gel zymography, and the protein levels of the proinflammatory enzymes cyclooxygenase-2 COX-2 and induced nitric oxide synthase iNOS were measured by Western blot analysis.

In the present study, the ethanolic extract prepared from Af was tested for its anti-inflammatory effects on lipopolysaccharide LPS -activated primary cultures of brain acbillea cells.